The initiative to involve the private sector began with the pilot program to structure the market for faecal sludge initiated in Senegal. Although this program was a success, some adjustments are currently needed. There has been significant progress in both the transport and management of stations, and many countries have undertaken reforms in this area. The current practices are ’copy & paste’ of the approaches used in Senegal in most countries with the same mistakes. This is the case in Niger, in Cameroon and will be the case in Benin. In all these countries where the involvement of the private sector is in place, the viability of the systems remains very problematic and there is an urgent need to make the necessary corrections to achieve the expected results. This Note explain how a better regulation is important for the sanitation sector in Africa.