FSM INNOVATION : City-wide Fecal Sludge Management Programs in the Philippines
This case study provides examples of two septage management programs that illustrate two different approaches. The greater metropolitan area of Manila is an example of water utility run service that uses a concessionaire service delivery model in a city of over 15 million. Dumaguete City provides a more “typical” example of cities and municipalities in the Philippines. Its septage management program was initiated in 2008, and has developed into a program that is co-owned and managed by the Dumaguete City Water District (the utility) and the local government. It demonstrates how a city of 130,000 can provide sustainable septage management services to its
citizens for an average tariff of less than USD 1.00 per family per month. The Dumaguete program represents a model that can be replicated throughout the Philippines, while the concessionaire model from metro Manila may be replicable in other mega cities around Asia and beyond.