Improving Faecal Sludge Management System for Sustainable Sanitation, Rwanda
The lack of faecal sludge treatment, inadequate policies and specified regulations on faecal sludge management as well as institutional framework arrangements are the global challenges that face sustainable sanitation in developing countries. The use of on-site sanitation systems is a possible option for the fast-growing cities including Kigali city due to the absence of sewer networks. Using on-site sanitation system needs a well-improved faecal sludge management system to achieve sustainable sanitation. Unfortunately, the conditions for faecal sludge management (FSM) system
in Kigali city are poor and do not guarantee sustainable sanitation. Therefore, there is a need for a clear involvement of institutions and specific policy and regulations on FSM. This paper aims to provide an informed sanitation policy and institutional restructurings for improving FSM system in Kigali city. It emphasizes on assessing the faecal sludge management operations while analysing their institutional framework hence suggesting the improved off-site individual sanitation management policy for intensifying access to sustainable sanitation in Kigali city. The paper revealed that faecal sludge management in Kigali is a complex issue as there is no clear role and responsibilities of the institutions in charge for the faecal sludge management, which is a real threat facing human health and environment. A faecal sludge management is needed to achieve sustainable sanitation in Kigali city.