Monitoring Water and Sanitation in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
In approaching the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with a dedicated goal on water and sanitation, it was recognized that the sector at large would require a coherent monitoring framework, with improved data collection and analysis. JMP and GLAAS were already tracking progress in regard to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (SDG targets 6.1 and 6.2, and 6.a and 6.b), but the many initiatives that monitored different aspects of the management of water, wastewater and ecosystem resources lacked a coherent global mechanism. To meet this need, the Integrated Monitoring initiative GEMI was established in 2014 as an inter-agency initiative composed of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), operating under the UN-Water umbrella and complementing JMP and GLAAS. The initiative’s focus is to integrate and expand existing monitoring efforts on wastewater treatment and water quality, water use and use-efficiency, integrated water resources management and water-related ecosystems (SDG targets 6.3 to 6.6, and 6.a and 6.b).