SOCIAL MARKENING FOR SANITATION IN LOW INCOME URBAN AREAS-BWAISE IN KAMPALA UGANDA
Sanitation, safe disposal of human excreta is the basic human need yet a large proportion of
world‟s population (over 2.6 billion) do not own or have access to hygienic sanitation facilities.
The situation is said to be most serious in sub-Saharan Africa. In Kampala (the capital city of
Uganda), sanitation and hygiene is poorly managed among its population because of low water
supply coverage, indiscriminate waste disposal and poor drainage systems leading to poor living
The target area of Bwaise is located in Kawempe division one of the five divisions that make up
Kampala. The division has 24 parishes made up mainly of large informal settlements with poor
environmental sanitation and with toilet facilities that are very dirty, filled up or at the verge of
collapse (SSWARS, 2008). Most of its inhabitants live in low lying areas of reclaimed swamps, prone to flooding during heavy rains. Latrine coverage in Bwaise is as low as 36% made up of
structures which are opened up (emptied) in the drainage channels whenever it rains posing huge
health and environmental challenges.