TERMS OF REFERENCE For CONSULTANCY SERVICES FOR FEASIBILITY STUDY, DETAILED ENGINEERING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION OF KYEGEGWA-MPARA-RUYONZA WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT
Uganda is a landlocked country that shares borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, Kenya, and South Sudan. It lies between 4012’ northern and 1029’ southern latitudes, and 29034’ and 350 eastern longitudes. It has a total area of 241,038 km2, of which 20% is covered by lakes and swamps. The current population of Uganda is estimated at 35 million, of which 87% live in rural areas and 13% live in urban areas. The urban areas of Uganda have undergone rapid population growth during the recent years and is still growing. This has increased demand on infrastructure and in some sectors outrun gains in infrastructure development including the water and sanitation sub-sector. As much as there is an increase in the number of people served every year in the urban water sector, the number of unserved is stagnant or still growing partly due to the rapid population growth but also due to gazetting of additional areas as urban. (MWE, Sector Performance Report 2017). Higher urban growth rates may be expected in the future as planned by the Vision 2040 which aims at a level of urbanisation of 60% by 2040. This calls for further efforts to increase investments in water supply and sanitation infrastructure to close access gaps and achieve sector goals of 100% coverage.