Faecal Sludge Management in Toamasina, Madagascar and Bamako, Mali Experiences of Protos
For many years Protos has been working with local authorities, strategic partner organisations and
communities in developing countries to end open air defecation while promoting basic sanitation.
As a result, many households use latrines. In urban areas this resulted in a new challenge, because
while latrine pits fill up, emptying services are non-existent or poorly organised. Protos then tepped in to set up and strengthen these services, working with both local authorities and private
operators. For some time, faecal sludge was merely dumped without any treatment. Currently, steps are taken to develop treatment plants using various technological solutions and so the whole faecal sludge management chain can be covered. Protos’ experiences are most extensive in Toamasina (or Tamatave), Madagascar, and developing in Bamako, Mali, where we only recently started with faecal sludge management.